Articles

Indian Policy Timeline

 

Indian Policy Timeline (The Indian Experience)

Federal Policies Toward Native Americans

Pre-1800’s  Extermination, Manipulation & Colonization of Indians
Early 1800’s The Civilization Act
1830 Removal Act- Authorized by President Andrew Jackson to remove Indians from the east to west of the Mississippi River.
1870-1890 Indian Wars- Wounded Knee 1890 – Sioux Massacre.
1887 The Dawes Allotment Act- Divided up Indian Land and gave plots of land to the “head of household.” Much of original land allotted to Indians was later taken because they were unable to pay taxes. Government determined tribal roles and memberships.
1924 The Snyder Act- Until this time, Indians were not considered citizens of the United States.
1934 Wheeler-Howard Indian Reorganization Act- The “Indian New Deal” allowed tribes to establish elected tribal governments. Traditional chiefs, headmen, and medicine men are not recognized by the government.
1953 Termination Policy- Attempted to abolish federal supervision of Indian tribes. Effect was disastrous on those tribes that were terminated, most notably the Klamath Tribe of Oregon and Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin.
1968 Indian Civil Rights Act- Imposed regulations on tribes in order to guarantee individual Indians similar rights in tribal matters.
1970 Self-Determination Policy- President Richard Nixon condemned the Termination Policy and extended more control of Indian affairs to Indians themselves.
1978 Indian Child Welfare Act- Assures the preservation of the Indian family by protecting the proper placement of Indian children into Indian adoptive and foster homes.

Acknowledgement: Native Wellness Institute

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